The Kyrgyz Republic or Kyrgyzstan is a small country in Central Asia, one of the 15 republics of the former Soviet Union. After collapse of the USSR the situation in Kyrgyzstan is extremely difficult. As a part of the Soviet Union it had developed systems of Education, Health Care and Government support. But now because of economic difficulties the population is suffering from poverty and slow collapse of educational and health care structures which was among of the best in the world just 20 years ago. A lot of families and kids have no possibility to meet support for closing, food, education and medical help. There are no enough shelters for orphan children.
The similar situation is in the neighboring Central Asian country – Tajikistan on the way to be recovered after a long civil war.
Kazakhstan is one of the leading countries of the region but needs, of cause, professional aid in medical, social and educational fields.
Concerning Uzbekistan, it is possible to say that the country passed through not so easy way of transformation from Soviet agrarian appendage into modern developing country. Nowadays, Uzbekistan is in deep serious reforming and open for partnership and dialogue with every country rich of experience and ready to share it on mutual fruitful base.
The main problem and reason of this situation is the terrible economic situation in these countries. 66% of the population lives in rural areas, and a partial list of problems identified are poverty, malnutrition, alcoholism, unemployment, illness, family violence, lack of qualified medical care and family planning policies, migration of active population.
Generally all of these problems lead to the fact that in Kyrgyzstan a generation of people who do not have strong health and who are weakly educated is growing up.
There is an increase in the number of abandoned children.
It is important to note that almost 90 percent of children are not orphans, they have biological parents or relatives. And this makes it difficult for them to have access to free services, which can only be claimed by orphans.
Kids from orphanages are children of single mothers, children from poor or large families. Most of them have parents alive. But they are either incapacitated or living below the poverty line and families break up.
Officially there is no problem called Slavery. But having no privileges and prospects, many children in the countries of Central Asia lose their childhood and are forced to trade the only thing they have – their own body. Child prostitution 10-14 year-old and even younger kids is a phenomenon that does not catch sight. Young prostitutes work in closed clubs, in private apartments turned into brothels, and only occasionally on the street.
In particular, there are facts of trafficking in young children. The poorest families, who are not able to feed themselves, sell their children to childless married couples. The price for infants, depending on the age of the child, ranges from $ 100 to $ 400. In traditional Central Asian families, the child has always been considered the main meaning of the life of parents. Today these ideas are being destroyed under the pressure of poverty and hopelessness of existence.
Sometimes underage girls and boys are sold and bought as a regular commodity. Girls go to sex slavery, boys are taught the military art for the extremist organizations, and finally if there is no way to use kids – they are as rule become donors.
Non-traditional for Central Asia Islamic ideas are taking root in minds of more and more young children. Middle East countries seek to export its ideological guidelines to Kyrgyzstan: intolerance and persecution against representatives of other faiths and religious movements, blind support by religious leaders of any clerical forces, use of Wahhabism by the authorities to stupefy the population.
During last 26 years number of mosques increased in 70 times. We had 39 mosques in Kyrgyzstan and at the present time 2 743. Now number of mosques overreach number of 2 218 schools and 338 hospitals. There is no any statistics about number of praying houses and educational establishments. Most of them has radicalism Islamic character and not far away from extremism. All of them are the places to recruit young men to their extremist army forces to fight against civilization, to use them for terrorist attacks, to involve and sell boys and girls for slavery, including sexual one.
Today about 2000 boys and girls are fighting or in slavery in Syria. The last facts are March 2017 Istanbul, May 2017 Russia – terrorist attacks with Kyrgyz young men participated in. We never had this phenomenon but now it is reality.
Despite the annual increase in the number of children’s homes, the state funding for such institutions for some reason reduces. Government’s support is only 110 som ($ 1.5) per day for meals for one child and $0.20 for health care (or 4.380 per year – $ 60). This kind of support is for 134 orphanages with more then 13 500 kids. It is official data but reality is more terrible. Every year this number is increasing by 1000 kids.
Regarding education we can tell that it is financing on leftovers.
In general, in 2015, 75 million soms were allocated for the needs of Kyrgyzstan’s orphanages, and in 2016 it was 69 million soms. Judging by the volume and content of humanitarian aid, this money is sorely lacking. The most part of the support from utensils and to soap with shampoo is coming from NPOs.
UNICEF also notes the low quality of medical services in these countries, their inaccessibility for the population. According to the results of the survey, official statistics in these countries do not reflect the high mortality of children under the age of 1 year. In Kyrgyzstan, out of a thousand children born, die 74 (according to official figures – 17), in Tajikistan – 89 (officially – 47).
As the agency notes, the situation in these countries corresponds to the situation in such poorest countries of the world as Bangladesh and Bolivia. In developed countries, infant mortality averages 0.5% (4.8 deaths per 1,000 births).
Looking at sick children, it’s impossible to hold back tears: in Kyrgyzstan they do not have a future. When the kids turn four, they go through a special commission, and those whom it acknowledges as normal go to ordinary children’s homes, the rest are awarded disabilities and sent to the psychoneurological orphanage.
So, in Kyrgyzstan, there are big problems with family planning, and with preserving the health of infants and young children. But it turns out that access to school education in Kyrgyzstan is becoming a social problem too.
Two thousand children do not have the opportunity to attend school. “The problem becomes one of the threats to equal access to education. As a rule, the problem is of a social nature: children do not have clothes, school supplies, documents required for admission to school.
According to the National Statistics Committee, in 2015, about 29,000 adolescents aged 7 to 15 years did not attend the school on a regular base, which is about 3 percent of the total number of school-age children. However, according to the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, in 2009 there were more than 66,000 such children.
About 400 people are released from Kyrgyz orphanages every year. Nobody cares about them, neither relative, nor the state structures. According to statistics more than one third of them commit offenses, and only 10% are able to adjust normally to independent life.
The main problems of these young people are social adaptation after release, access to medical services, vocational education, housing and employment. Because of the inability to obtain a quality education, graduates of orphanages work in the service sector and low-skilled labor (at construction sites, car washes, bazaars-markets and catering points).
Why are such sad statistics in Kyrgyzstan? The laws prescribe that allowances (1,000-2,000 soms, this is about $ 15-30), social housing (hostel) and benefits for admission to universities are guaranteed only to orphans who left the institutions. In Kyrgyzstan, according to UNICEF statistics, 90% of children in orphanages have biological parents. Such graduates of orphanages have the right only to receive free primary vocational education. However, in reality, these laws do not always work.
These big numbers of kids are the source for crime, religious, sexual, military Slavery.